Throughout the history of modern medicine, pharmacists have consistently been tasked with having a deep understanding of the drugs and treatments that have revolutionized the quality of life for millions of people. The pharmaceutical market, which is currently valued at $300 million, is steadily growing and expanding in areas of research, development, testing and distribution, creating more jobs for qualified pharmacists. The following guide highlights the extensive process of becoming a licensed pharmacist while also revealing the latest facts and figures about how the industry is expected to grow. Information about the salaries professionals in this field can expect to bring home each year is also included.Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs.
The scope of pharmacy practice includes more traditional roles such as compounding and dispensing medications, and it also includes more modern services related to health care, including clinical services, reviewing medications for safety and efficacy, and providing drug information. Pharmacists, therefore, are the experts on drug therapy and are the primary health professionals who optimize the use of medication for the benefit of the patients.An establishment in which pharmacy (in the first sense) is practised is called a pharmacy (this term is more common in the United States) or a chemist’s (which is more common in Great Britain). In the United States and Canada, drug stores commonly sell medicines, as well as miscellaneous items such as confectionery, cosmetics, office supplies, toys, hair care products and magazines and occasionally refreshments and groceries.In its investigation of herbal and chemical ingredients, the work of the pharma may be regarded as a precursor of the modern sciences of chemistry and pharmacology, prior to the formulation of the scientific method.
The field of pharmacy can generally be divided into three primary disciplines:
2) Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy
3) Pharmacy Practice
The boundaries between these disciplines and with other sciences, such as biochemistry, are not always clear-cut. Often, collaborative teams from various disciplines (pharmacists and other scientists) work together toward the introduction of new therapeutics and methods for patient care. However, pharmacy is not a basic or biomedical science in its typical form. Medicinal chemistry is also a distinct branch of synthetic chemistry combining pharmacology, organic chemistry, and chemical biology.Pharmacology is sometimes considered as the 4th discipline of pharmacy. Although pharmacology is essential to the study of pharmacy, it is not specific to pharmacy. Both disciplines are distinct. Those who wish to practice both pharmacy (patient-oriented) and pharmacology (a biomedical science requiring the scientific method) receive separate training and degrees unique to either discipline.Pharmacoinformatics is considered another new discipline, for systematic drug discovery and development with efficiency and safety.
Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm) is an undergraduate degree course in the field of Pharmacy education. The students those are interested in the medical field (except to become a doctor) can choose this course after the completion of class 12th (PCM/B). After the completion of this degree, the students can practice as a Pharmacist. Pharmacists can work in a range of industries related to the prescription, manufacture & provision of medicines. The duration of this course is 4 years.The B.Pharm is one of the popular job oriented course among the science students after class 12th. In this course, the students study about the drugs and medicines, Pharmaceutical Engineering, Medicinal Chemistry etc. This course provides a large no. of job opportunities in both the public and the private sector.There are various career options available for the science students after the completion of B.Pharm degree. The students can go for higher studies in the Pharmacy i.e. Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm). This field is one of the evergreen fields in the medical sector, with the increasing demand of Pharma professional every year.B.Pharm programme covers the syllabus including biochemical science & health care. The Pharmacy Courses are approved by the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) & Pharmacy Council of India (PCI).
Courses & Durations
The Pharmacy field offers you with lots of career opportunities. If you wish to make your future in the pharmacy sector than you can choose one of the several courses. These courses may be diploma, degree or postgraduate degree course. The detailed list of the courses in the Pharmacy sector is given below:
- Diploma in Pharmacy (D.Pharm)
- Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm)
- Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm)
- Doctorate in Pharmacy (Pharm.D)
To get admission into the Pharmacy course, students have to complete their 10+2 education & apply for national level or state level Pharmacy entrance exam. The national level entrance exam is Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT). You can also apply for the state level exams such as TS EAMCET, AP EAMCET, BCECE, WBJEE, etc as per the eligibility criteria of the exams.There are various exams conducted by private and public universities for the admission to the various graduate and postgraduate Pharmacy courses. There are some of famous university level exams like BVP CET, IPU CET, MHT-CET, etc. Few Institutions offer direct admission into the Pharmacy programme without appearing in an entrance test on the basis of the 12th marks.
Career and Jobs
The pharmacy sector offers lots of opportunities to the students after the completion of the course. The students can work in a Pharmaceutical company or can practice as a Pharmacist. There is a huge number of opportunities available for the students in both public and the private sector. You can also work in a government sector. Beside this, you can also work in an Abroad Company.After completing a graduate degree, you can work at government hospitals, private medical shops & private hospitals/clinics. You can also start your own consultancies & medical shop.The students can work in a Pharmaceutical company or can practice as a Pharmacist. In Pharmaceutical Company, you can work in departments such as quality control, manufacturing, packing marketing, production, etc.You can also make your career in Pharmaceutical Management & marketing field as a Production Manager, Medical Representative, Area Manager, etc.
After the completion of the course the students can work as a: Chemical/Drug Technician/Bio-Technology Industries/Drug Therapist/Drug Inspector/Hospital Drug Coordinator/Health Inspector/Pharmacist/Pathological Lab/Research & Development/Making Prescription to Patients/Scientist/Research Officer